Pulse crop For Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture

Possibilities of Chickpea Cultivation In Barind Track of Bangladesh
March 30, 2009, 3:31 PM
Filed under: Definition

Barind Tract largest Pleistocene physiographic unit of the Bengal basin, covering an area of about 7,770 sq km. This unit lies roughly between latitudes 24°20´N and 25°35´N and longitudes 88°20´E and 89°30´E. The Barind Tract covers most parts of the greater Dinajpur, Rangpur, Pabna, Rajshahi, Bogra, Joypurhat and Naogaon districts of Rajshahi division.barind-tract-of-bangladesh1

The Barind Tract lies in the monsoon region of the summer dominant hemisphere. The climate of the area is generally warm and humid. This region has already been designated as drought prone. Generally this region is rather hot and is considered semi-arid. As the area was considered a low potential area for groundwater development, agriculture used to depend on monsoon rainwater. As a consequence, there used to be only one crop and the Tract was a food deficit area.

The Barind Tract is very much suitable for Chickpea cultivation. About 80 % of Chickpea grown in Bangladesh covered in Barind area. After cultivating rain fed Amon, most of the areas remain fallow (about 75,000 Ha) which is very much suitable for chickpea cultivation. If farmer can sow the chickpea seed in residual soil moisture after harvesting of Amon rice during the November (early Rabi season), then farmers will harvest a good yield of chickpea without barely any irrigation.

The chickpea variety Barichola-5 is very much suitable for Barind region. Barichola-5 gives 1.8-2.0 tone/ha yield that can grow easily in the Barind on the residual soil moisture. The variety was released by Pulses Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Ishurdi, Pabna.

The infestation of Pod borer insect and Botrytis grey mold disease is very less in the Barind region. If farmer spray Bavistin @1gm/L water for Botrytis grey mold and Cymbush @1 ml/L water for Pod borer at early flowering stage, the loss due to disease and insect will be less.

There are some problems that hinder the expansion of chickpea in Barind. After harvesting Amon rice, farmers usually let the rice straw left on the field for drying. By the time rice straw and grain dried, the residual soil moisture also dried out. As a result, when farmers sow seed after harvesting rice there is less germination of chickpea. Moreover, the farmers are not conscious about growing chickpea, using low yielding local cultivars and farmer do not worry about weeds that reduce yields. Pulses Research Centre and On Farm Research Division of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) have trying to expand the chickpea cultivation in Barind.


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